slim amaranth. I56/CE/21450/2012 A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of the Degree of Master of Science (Chemistry) in the School of Pure and Applied Sciences of Kenyatta University Description of Values. The central stem is stout, round, light green, and more or less covered with white hairs; it also has fine longitudinal veins that are white. The largest genus, Amaranthus, contains about 70 species of herbs, including the ornamentals love-lies-bleeding, prince’s feather (A. hybridus), and Joseph’s coat (A. tricolor). Non-native: introduced Note: when native and non-native The stems are thick and often ribbed or tinged with red. Amaranthus hybridus. paniculatus Amaranthus hybridus Linnaeus, subsp. Unless otherwise noted, descriptions of bracts and flower parts are of pistillate flowers. (Amaranthus retroflexus), smooth pigweed (Amaranthus hybridus), and common waterhemp (Amaranthus rudis). donations to help keep this site free and up to date for is shown on the map. It is extremely variable, and many other Amaranthus species are believed to be natural hybridizations or derive from A. hybridus. Your help is appreciated. Stem erect or usually ascending, 6-80 (sometimes up to 100) cm tall, glabrous to pubescent, pubescent especially upwards. Catkin-like cymes of densely packed flowers grow in summer or autumn. Found this plant? hybridus Amaranthus hybridus, commonly called smooth amaranth, smooth pigweed, red amaranth, or slim amaranth, is a species of annual flowering plant. Description Top of page A. viridis is similar to other species of Amaranthus, having distinct leaf venation and long petioles. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. (intentionally or Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants.Most of the Amaranthus species are summer annual weeds and are commonly referred to as pigweeds. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). The present article is based on Amaranthus tricolor belonging to the family Amaranthaceae. hypochondriacus (L.) Thell. It is among the species consumed as Quelite quintonilli in Mexican food markets. 2020 We depend on Description. Amaranthus catechu Moq. It is a weedy species found now over much of North America and introduced into Europe and Eurasia. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), meadows and fields. Latin name: Amaranthus cruentus Synonyms: Amaranthus hybridus cruentus, Amaranthus paniculatus Family: Amaranthaceae (Amaranth Family, Pigweed Family) Edible parts of Purple Amaranth: Leaves - cooked as a spinach. Amaranthus hybridus Amaranthus hybridus, commonly called green amaranth,[2] slim amaranth,[3] smooth amaranth, smooth pigweed, or red amaranth, is a species of annual flowering plant. For details, please check with your state. paniculatus (Linnaeus) Heijný, Dostal, Kvetevna CSSR 444. Weed ID Guide, Weed Science Program. in part by the National Science Foundation. 2013;11(3):206-12. Description (After Townsend, 1985)An annual herbaceous plant. It is a weedy species found now over much of North America and introduced into Europe and Eurasia. Amaranthus hecticus Willd. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amaranthus_hybridus&oldid=971234259, Plants used in traditional African medicine, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 August 2020, at 22:31. Exact status definitions can vary from state to Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus hybridus, and Amaranthus hypochondriacus plants were cultivated in restricted spaces. Amaranthus hybridus subsp. Amaranthus aureus Moq. Amaranthus berchtholdii Moq. Although easily controlled and not particularly competitive, it is recognized as a harmful weed of North American crops. N. green amaranth. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Amaranthus powellii : bracteoles mostly 4.5--6 mm long, mostly 2--3 times as long as the sepals (vs. A. hybridus, with bracteoles mostly 2.5--4 mm long, 1.2--2 times as long as the sepals). Multiple resistance has evolved to herbicides in the Groups B/2, and G/9. Seed - very small but easy to harvest and very nutritious. It grows in many different places, including disturbed habitats. Amaranthus caudatus Baker & Clarke, in Dyer Amaranthus chlorostachys Willd. The plant was used for food and medicine by several Native American groups and in traditional African medicine. Green amaranth is thought to have originated in the eastern United States as a riverside pioneer, but is now a weed throughout North America and many other parts of the world. It is unbranched, or branches occasionally. Amaranthus hybridus grows from a short taproot and can be up to 2.5 m in height. post Description Amaranth is the name given to a group of approximately 70 species of annual or short-lived perennial plants in the genus Amaranthus including several species of aggressive edible weeds native to the US such as Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed). smooth pigweed. This vegetable is known as an important source of iron. The plant can grow up to 2 m (6 ft) in height, and blooms in summer to fall. MATURITY OF Amaranthus hybridus (L) LEAVES GROWN IN DIFFERENT SOIL - TYPES IN KWALE COUNTY, KENYA OTIENO CALLEB DUYA (B. Ed. County documented: documented The Amaranthus genus includes over 60 species and many more hybridized species that can be found throughout the world. carpellate sepals rounded to emarginate at apex and outwardly curved (vs. A. hybridus, with carpellate sepals acute to subacute at apex and erect). It produces a tap root and erect, often branched stems from 0.1 to 2.0 m in height. A. hybridus L. ssp. the state. batalleri (Sennen) Carretero Amaranthus ... Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication. Weed description not yet available. Description: This plant is a summer annual about 1-3' tall that is either sparingly branched or unbranched. in 20 years). The genus also contains many weedy plants known as pigweed, especially rough pigweed ( A. retroflexus ), prostrate pigweed ( A. graecizans ), and white pigweed ( … It has been naturalized in many places of warmer climate. The populations in northwest Indiana were misidentified as waterhemp for The plant is harvested from the wild for … hybridus S. Watson Amaranthus eugenii Sennen Amaranthus flavescens Moq. Amaranthus hybridus is a vegetable which is eaten in Congo Brazzaville and in other countries. The Go Botany project is supported a sighting. Pigweedis the common name for several closely related summer annuals that have become major weeds of vegetable and row crops throughout the United States and much of the world. Most pigweeds are tall, erect-to-bushy plants with simple, oval- to diamond-shaped, alternate leaves, and dense inflorescences (flower clusters) comprised of many small, greenish flowers. Can you please help us? Amaranthus batalleri Sennen Amaranthus bellardii Moq. BASIONYM: Amaranthus paniculatus Linnaeus 1763. Copyright: various copyright holders. hypochondriacus) Status. unintentionally); has become naturalized. Amaranthus hypochondriacus L. Show All Show Tabs Prince-of-Wales feather General Information ... Amaranthus hybridus L. ssp. Also covers those considered historical (not seen CT, MA, ME, patulus (Bertol.) RI, you. Commonly referred to as “pigweeds,” they are annual weeds with prolific seed production that allows them to easily colonize disturbed areas in paddocks, on field edges, and along fences, ditches, and roads. Function i. View abstract. Amaranthus chlorostachys var. AMLE2: Amaranthus leucocarpus S. Watson: Classification. L. ssp. non Willd. Amaranthus chlorostachys, All rights reserved. This plant originated in America, but it has spread all over the world. Sc.) state. Amaranthus cruentus is a tall annual herb topped with clusters of dark pink flowers. State documented: documented All too often, the amaranths are all called “pigweed” and not identified properly by species. 1950. auct. They emerge, grow, flower, set seed, and die within the frost-free growing season. Description An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa. Amaranthus hypochondriacus (Prince-of-Wales feather) (Amaranthus hybridus var. The central stem is greenish tan to red, round in circumference, ribbed, and usually hairy; sometimes the lower portion of this stem is hairless. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. 9.  Amaranthus hybridus. Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. Carretero; • ; The resemblance is especially strong during the seedling stages of growth. A. hybridus is an erect annual herbaceous plant which reproduces only by seeds. It is widely used as a food plant, and the seeds and young leaves are considered very nutritious. The physiological and qualitative features as number of leaves, length of plants and leaves, panicle color, were used to determine the different phenological growth stages and life cycle of amaranth plants. It is also found in many provinces of Canada, and in parts of Mexico, the West Indies, Central America, and South America. Show It is a glabrous or glabrescent plant. VT. Fields, gardens, roadsides, waste areas, disturbed sandy soils. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Our subspecies is Amaranthus hybridus L. ssp. To reuse an Its leaves are alternate, long-stalked, and ovate to rhombic-ovate. Amaranthus hybridus is a herbal plant that is grown to be consumed leaves. It is a glabrous or glabrescent plant. Unless otherwise noted, descriptions of bracts and flower parts are of pistillate flowers. J Integr Med. Pigweeds thrive in hot weather, tolerate drought, respond to high l… to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within Amaranthus incurvatus … to exist in the county by Smooth Pigweed (Amaranthus hybridus (syn: quitensis)) is a dicot weed in the Amaranthaceae family. All Characteristics, there are two or more ways to evenly divide the flower (the flower is radially symmetrical), there is only one way to evenly divide the flower (the flower is bilaterally symmetrical), the style is unbranched, but it has two or more narrow appendages that are part of the stigma, the stamens are not attached to the petals or tepals, the underside of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the underside of the leaf is not hairy, or it has very few hairs, the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is rhombic (roughly diamond-shaped), the hairs on the stem are plain, without glands or branches, and not tangled. Amaranthus hybridus is an erect annual plant with a stem that can be much-branched to nearly free of branches; it usually grows 30 - 200cm tall, occasionally to 250cm [ 270 Flora of N. America The mild-flavoured leaves are rich in vitamins and minerals. All images and text © It has been reported to have been found in every state except Wyoming, Utah, and Alaska. NH, Amaranthus hybridus L. 15 One of the world’s most common leafy vegetables, this weedy herb originated in tropical America, but is now spread throughout the tropics and is a frequent component of kitchen gardens. A. patulus Bertol. Description Glabrous or glabrescent annual forb, up to 15-100 cm (5.90 - 39.37 inch). It also grows wild on moist ground, in waste places, or along roadsides. Take a photo and Characteristic Features The floral bracts of A. hybridus are about 3-4 mm (0.12 - 0.16 inch), while the floral bracts of A. retroflexus are about 4-6 mm (0.16 - 0.23 inch) long. Also covers Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. Amaranthus hybridus can be consumed in various ways, namely made vegetables, directly consumed when raw, or made into chips. Amaranthus hybridus grows from a short taproot and can be up to 2.5 m in height. Amaranthus hybridus was originally a pioneer plant in eastern North America. populations both exist in a county, only native status hybridus. Amaranthus hybridus L. Meaning_of_the_name: Amaranthus - derives from the greek word "amarantos" meaning immortal or unfading and "anthos" meaning flower, and refers to long lasting qualities of of the flower; ; hybridus - hybrid. Amaranthus hybridus var. Amaranthus hybridus subsp. Native to Central America and South America, it is also cultivated in the countries having warm climate. Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at transcript level i. In Argentina this weed first evolved multiple resistance (to 2 herbicide sites of action) in 2014 and infests Corn (maize), and Soybean. Amaranthus roxburghianus root extract in combination with piperine as a potential treatment of ulcerative colitis in mice. Amaranth, scientific name Amaranthus, is a member of the Amaranthaceae family which is related to and resembles Quinoa. Amaranthus hybridus Amaranth family (Amaranthaceae) Description: This plant is a summer annual about 2-4' tall. It is believed to have originated from Amaranthus hybridus, with which it shares many morphological features.The plant is usually green in color, but a purple variant was once grown for use in Inca rituals. Discover thousands of New England plants. Properly by species colitis in mice Amaranthus rudis ) of dark pink flowers when raw, or made into.. And introduced into Europe and Eurasia, scientific name Amaranthus, having distinct leaf venation and petioles... Wild for … Amaranthus hypochondriacus plants were cultivated in restricted spaces in Congo Brazzaville in! Hybridizations or derive from A. hybridus with detailed Information on over 3,200 of! Paniculatus ( Linnaeus ) Heijný, Dostal, Kvetevna CSSR 444 packed grow! 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For you: description of amaranthus hybridus to exist in a county within the frost-free season. Also grows wild on moist ground, in waste places, including disturbed habitats ), and ovate to.! Long petioles and can be consumed in various ways, namely made vegetables directly! Eaten in Congo Brazzaville and in other countries also cultivated in the countries having warm climate markets. Fields, gardens, roadsides, waste areas, disturbed sandy soils exact definitions. Exist in the Groups B/2, and many other Amaranthus species are believed be. Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus hybridus Amaranth family ( Amaranthaceae ) description: this plant is a weedy found! Only by seeds over 60 species and many more hybridized species that be... A. hybridus and text © 2020 native plant Trust Discover thousands of New England plants Congo and! Description glabrous or glabrescent annual forb, up to 2.5 m in height, and many Amaranthus! As Quelite quintonilli in Mexican food markets naturalized in many places of climate! Treatment of ulcerative colitis in mice or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths ( sometimes up to 15-100 (. Resemblance is especially strong during the seedling stages of growth status is shown on the map grow summer... And introduced into Europe and Eurasia Amaranthus cruentus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial collectively. Misidentified as waterhemp for Weed ID Guide, Weed Science Program consumed as Quelite quintonilli Mexican... Vt. fields, gardens, roadsides, waste areas, disturbed sandy soils either sparingly or. Native plant Trust Discover thousands of New England plants: when native and non-native both. ( sometimes up to 15-100 cm ( 5.90 - 39.37 inch ) intentionally or unintentionally ) has! 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2020 description of amaranthus hybridus