It is frost tender. Nuytsia. Baquar SR, Olusi OO, 1988. Some new and noteworthy species for the Flora of Nepal. Buy MABES WAREHOUSE Red Spinach 2000 Seeds - Amaranthus Dubius/Red Amaranth Asian Vegetables Healthy Plant, Medicinal Summer-Tolerant Green, Chinese Spinach Seeds for Planting: Vegetables - Amazon.com FREE DELIVERY possible on eligible purchases Correll DS, Correll HB, 1982. Further phytosociological studies are needed. Sánchez-del Pino I, Espadas C, Pool R, 2013. Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). Contains a very wide range of conventional and unconventional food plants (including tropical) and where they can be obtained (mainly N. American nurseries … Amaranthus roxburghianus root extract in combination with piperine as a potential treatment of ulcerative colitis in mice. Carmona Pinto W, Orsini Velásquez G, 2010. Flowering plants of Jamaica. - a newly naturalized plant of mainland of China. In Kenya it is cooked with other leaf vegetables such as Solanum spp., Cleome gynandra and Launaea cornuta. Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. Sci. Pollination is by wind, but self-pollinating plants do occur. Amaranthus dubius Mart. Phytotaxa, 107:1-74. Grubben, G.J.H. Amaranthus dubius Mart. and members of the sect Amaranthus (Clifford, 1959; Grant, 1959; Pal and Khoshoo, 1965; Sauer, 1967; Srivasta et al., 1977). Efloraofindia (earlier Indiantreepix) is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. Its preferred soils are fertile, well-drained and with a loose structure (Grubben, 2004). Amaranthus dubius. Amaranthus dubius is a plant that need more sunlight and cool temperature for it to grow well, Group A should have the highest height of Amaranthus dubius but not Group C because Amaranthus dubius in Group A had received the highest amount of sunlight. Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany, 23(3):284-288. http://jtsb.scib.ac.cn/jtsb_en/ch/index.aspx, Waterhouse BM, Mitchell AA, 1998. Showing 0 of 0 comments. Sauer JD, 1967. Sin material de COL Flora. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Amaranthus L. Flora of North America Editorial Committee (Magnoliophyta: Caryophyllydae, part 1), 4:410-435. ex Thell. Mosyakin and Robertson (1999) proposed the new nothosection Dubia Mosyakin & K. R. Robertson (subgenus Amaranthus section Amaranthus… Online Database. This species is valued as a leafy vegetable throughout South and Southeast Asia[2] and also in Africa. GBIF, 2014. [2] Etimología. McIntyre G, 1991. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-ARS, 2015. Wallingford, UK: CABI. http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp. Amaranthus dubius: Relacionados. Amaranthus dubius. Smithsonian Institution, 2012. Erect, monoecious, annual herb 2 m, sometimes becoming much branched, stout and succulent; stems green to pink, glabrous to sparsely puberulent. It is probable that, like A. spinosus, it is susceptible to most standard soil-applied and foliar-applied herbicides used for controlling broadleaved weeds, including 2,4-D, EPTC, MCPA, MSMA (methylarsonic acid), acifluorfen, atrazine, bensulfuron, butachlor, chlorthal-dimethyl, dimethametryn, diphenamid, diuron, glyphosate, metribuzin, oxadiazon, oxyfluorfen, paraquat, pendimethalin, propanil and trifluralin (see the ISC datasheet on A. spinosus: http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/4653; CABI, 2014). Centrusa Griseb.) - a review., Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 6(1):136-143 http://www.ajol.info/index.php/bajopas/article/view/99279/88571. Grubben GJH, Denton OA, eds. Leaf amaranth is a warm season crop adapted to hot humid climatic conditions. Heavy metal health risk assessment and microbial menaces via dietary intake of vegetables collected from Delhi and national capital regions peri urban area, India., Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, 13(2):82-88 http://world-food.net/heavy-metal-health-risk-assessment-and-microbial-menaces-via-dietary-intake-of-vegetables-collected-from-delhi-and-national-capital-regions-peri-urban-area-india/. Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus blitum, Amaranthus dubius, and Amaranthus tricolor. Amaranthus dubius is a weedy plant widespread throughout the humid lowland tropics. A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon. along with discussion & documentation of Indian Flora. Grant WF, 1959. Content. ex Thell.. Protologue: Fl. Taxonomy and richness of nine genera of Amaranthaceae s.s. (Caryophyllales) in the Yucatan Peninsula Biotic Province. Sogbohossou and Achigan-Dako (2014) distinguished two main groups of A. dubius accessions: (1) the dwarf types morphologically close to A. spinosus, which are early flowering, with low plant height (up to 1.2 m), small leaves and many branches and (2) the giant types which are late flowering, tall (up to 2 m), with broad leaves and few branches. Mauritius . Oxford, UK: Pergamon Press. Thellung (1912) validly published the name. Grain amaranth was an important crop for the preHispanic, New World … On Cousine Island, Seychelles, where A. dubius is recorded as invasive, Dunlop et al. Stem erect or usually ascending, 6-80 (sometimes up to 100) cm tall, glabrous to pubescent, pubescent especially upwards. Not hardy but thrives in the summer. La tige est assez robuste, peu ou non ramifiée, de couleur très … Amaranthus dubius is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Sasirekha, N., Navaraj, P. S., 2015. Brown G, Mies B, 2012. Amaranthus dubius Mart. ex Thell. Bot. This plant is native to South America, Mexico, and the West Indies, however; it is widely introduced throughout the world. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, 1996. Costea M, Sanders A, Waines G, 2001. Amaranths are short seasonal annual crops. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated … Vegetable amaranths grow very well in the hot, humid regions of Africa, South-east Asia, Southern China, and India; they are represented by various amaranth species, such as A. tricolor, A. dubius, A. cruentus, A. edulis, A. retroflexus, A. viridis, and A. hybridus. Seychelles . A.]. because of its spines and because it is not much liked. PROTA (2014) noted that ‘it is almost impossible to make a distinction between A. dubius and A. spinosus based on morphological characters’ other than by the axillary spines in A. spinosus. Reunion Island . The green variety is practically indistinguishable from Amaranthus viridis. Nutritional diversity of leafy amaranth species grown in Kenya., Journal of Applied Biosciences, 79:6818-6825 http://m.elewa.org/JABS/2014/79/4.pdf, Ng'ang'a, M. N., Muasya, R. M., Omami, E., Ohiokpehai, O., 2009. Amaranthus dubius: Relacionados. It is a ruderal species, usually found in waste places or disturbed habitats. It flowers from summer to fall in the tropics, but can flower throughout the year in subtropical conditions. Description Excellent. 667 pp.. Guézou A, Trueman M, Buddenhagen CE, Chamorro S, Mireya Guerrero A, Pozo P, Atkinson R, 2010. A. dubius could cause a loss of biodiversity, especially decreasing floristic richness, in communities where it is naturalized and where it is becoming invasive, such as in Cuba (Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012), Taiwan (Chen et al., 2007), Australia (Palmer, 2009) and Pacific islands (PIER, 2014). Value Class Food Cover; High: Average 25-50% of diet: Regular source of cover: Low: http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0010276 DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0010276. A. dubius is a host plant for the bacterium Xanthomonas campestris affecting tomato and for the nematode Rotylenchulus reniformis affecting banana. Kromosomo, 2(51-52):1665-1674. Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants.Most of the Amaranthus species are summer annual weeds and are commonly referred to as pigweeds. J Integr Med. Seychelles . Grubben, G. J. H., Denton, O. It is also recorded growing in disturbed sites in Hawaii, in secondary vegetation, and as a weed in clearings, gardens, waste places and plantations (PIER, 2014). Amaranth, (genus Amaranthus), genus of 60–70 species of flowering plants in the family Amaranthaceae, distributed nearly worldwide. Clifford HT, 1958. II. Weeds of sugar cane in Mauritius: their description and control. Montpellier : 203 (1912). Amaranthus dubius is a … The PLANTS Database. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. Description: Erect annual herb, mostly up to c. 90 cm, rarely taller. Species description or overview Amaranthus dubius information from PIER Information on Amaranthus dubius as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER). http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp. A. dubius has the C4 photosynthesis pathway. De zaden kunnen crème, bruin, rood of zwart van kleur zijn. ex Thell. Montpellier: 203 (1912). Mo. Flora of the West Indies., USA: Smithsonian Institution. Seed characteristics and germination properties., Japanese Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 35(3):201-207. In Africa A. dubius is locally naturalized. Effect of split application of nitrogen on growth and yield of amaranthus (Amaranthus tristis L.) CO. 3., South Indian Horticulture, 33(2):100-102, Smithsonian Institution, 2012. Vaduz, Liechtenstein: J. Cramer. It has been suggested that Amaranthus species were dispersed along trade routes between America, Europe and Asia. Veena Srivastava, Mohinder Pal, Nair PKK, 1977. Historical and typification study; biometric intra- and interpopulation analyses on specimens collected from both native areas (central and southern America) and exotic ones (especially Africa); molecular studies at population level (both intrapopulational, especially for American native populations, and interpopulational, especially in comparison between American native populations and xenophyte populations in Africa, Asia and Australia), and comparative studies between the section Dubia Mosyakin & K. R. Robertson, the section Centrusa Griseb. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Sus sinonimias son las siguientes: Amaranthus dubius var. Amaranthus dubius, the red spinach, Chinese spinach, (simplified Chinese: 苋菜; traditional Chinese: 莧菜; pinyin: xiàncài), spleen amaranth, hon-toi-moi, yin choy, hsien tsai, or Arai keerai (அரை கீரை) is a plant species. Description, en bref... : A. dubius est une plante annuelle, dressée, atteignant 90 cm de hauteur (rarement 1,50 m). xanthostachys, Amaranthus tristis, Amaranthus tristis var. The name Amaranthus dubius was first published by Martius without diagnosis and description, so it has to be considered invalid. 2013;11(3):206-12. adv. Sealy, R. L., McWilliams, E. L., Novak, J., Fong, F., Kenerley, C. M., 1990. Thellung (1912) validly published the name. by Grubben GJH, Denton OA]. Compendium record. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, Wang QiuShi, Wang Yuan, Yan XiaoLing, Zeng XianFeng, Ma JinShuang, Li HongQing, 2015. Amaranthus dubius Mart. Hill MJ, Vel TM, Holm KJ, Parr SJ, Shah NJ, 2002. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Vegetables., In: Plant resources of tropical Africa 2. Amaranthus dubius is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Catkin-like … Madagascar . A conspectus of the genus Amaranthus L. (Amaranthaceae) in Australia. The green variety is practically indistinguishable from Amaranthus viridis. Liogier HA, Martorell LF, 1982. The weed flora of Montpellier (La flore adventice de Montpellier). Adams C D, 1972. radiata, Chamaesyce hirta, Chloris barbata and Ipomoea triloba (Chen et al., 2007). Flora of Cuba. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html. In: Flora of Ecuador, 28. [5] In Uganda, it is commonly cooked with onions, tomatoes and peanut sauce. Amaranths like fertile, free-drained alkaline soils. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 23(4):287-291. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). León F, Alain H, 1957. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Famille: Amaranthaceae Nombre de chromosomes: 2n = 64 In Benin it is usually cooked alone. Plant resources of tropical Africa 2. Pistillate flowers: tepals 5, oblong-spathulate to oblong, not clawed, 1.5-2(-2.5) mm, apex acute, often very shortly mucronate, yellowish; style branches strongly spreading, shorter than body of fruit; stigmas 3. Life cycle Annual . A geographical atlas of world weeds. Notes on some little known Amaranthus taxa (Amaranthaceae) in the United States. Wageningen, Netherlands: PROTA. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower in August, and the seeds ripen in September. Townsend CC, 1980. by Grubben GJH, Denton OA]. University of Peradeniya & Smithsonian Institution, 1-57. Amaranthus blitum is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). In Taiwan, it is associated with weeds: Amaranthus spinosus, Bidens pilosa var. Category:Amaranthus dubius. Canadian Journal of Botany, 37:1063-70. Australian Quarantine & Inspection Service, 110 pp. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur: (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay) ([English title not available])., USA: Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 3348 pp. Amaranthus is widely distributed in both tropical and sub tropical regions. Stems erect, green, branched, 0.3-1 m. Leaves: petiole of proximal leaves equalling or longer than blade, becoming shorter distally; blade rhombic-ovate or ovate to elliptic, (1.5-)3-12(-20) by (0.6-)2-8(-10) cm, base broadly cuneate, margins entire, apex slightly acuminate to obtuse and faintly emarginate, mucronate; stipules absent. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen; Backhuys, Leiden; CTA, Wageningen. The species commonly found in Trinidad and Tobago is Amaranthus dubius (Mohoyodeen, 1995). PIER, 2014. The distinctive flavour makes this a popular microgreen variety. http://botany.si.edu/antilles/westindies/. Vegetable amaranths: cultivar selection for summer production in the south., Advances in new crops. seeds during storage., International Journal of Plant Breeding and Genetics, 7(1):35-46 http://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=ijpbg.2013.35.46&org=10, León F, Alain H, 1957. Erect, monoecious, annual herb 2 m, sometimes becoming much branched, stout and succulent; stems green to pink, glabrous to sparsely puberulent. Grubben GJH, 2004. Vegetable amaranth (Amaranthus sp.) Sukhorukov PA, 2011. Sin material de COL Flora. George ST, Barat GK, Sivakami N, Choudhury B, 1989. Cousin And Cousine Islands Status and Management of Alien Invasive Species. Correll DS, Correll HB, 1982. Natural History > Life Cycle. Biology, life-strategy and invasiveness of Amaranthus retroflexus L. (Amaranthaceae) in central Italy: preliminary remarks. Description; Distribution; Common Name; Uses; Synonymy; Specimens; Description. ex Thell. CABI is a registered EU trademark. A conspectus of the genus Amaranthus (Amaranthaceae) in Australia. - a newly naturalized plant of mainland of China. 391 pp. Palmer J, 2009. New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, 391 pp. Seeds dark reddish brown to black, subglobose or lenticular, 0.8-1 mm diameter, shiny, smooth. Source and variability for nutritive aspects in amaranth (Amaranthus species). It flowers from summer to fall in the tropics, but can flower throughout the year in subtropical conditions. Amaranthus dubius is considered to be a morphologically deviant allopolyploid. Sida, 19(4):975-992. Amaranthus dubius is a weedy plant widespread throughout the humid lowland tropics. - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock Production trends Amaranthus blitum is important in East Africa as a frequently collected wild plant and a popular vegetable in home gardens. Zuloaga FO, Morrone O, Belgrano MJ, 2008. Vegetables. Sreelathakumary, I., Peter, K. V., 1993. PIER, 2014. Journal of the West African Science Association, 4(2):112-16. Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. Mosyakin SL, Robertson KR, 1996. 126. Amaranthus dubius Mart. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. CABI. Geographical distibution Comoros . Bot, 44 1-4. The name Amaranthus dubius was first published by Martius (1814) without diagnosis and description, so it has to be considered invalid (McNeill et al., 2012). In backyards with repeated pickings, Amaranthus dubius plants may become perennial, up amarabthus 2 years old. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. PROTA4U web database., [ed. Costea M, Sanders A, Waines G, 2001. (2005) reported it growing in plateau and high woodland areas. The larvae of the stem borer Lixus truncatulus [Hypolixus truncatulus] may cause much damage. This species has been widely introduced as a green vegetable for human consumption and as a medicinal herb. GBIF data portal., Copenhagen, Denmark: Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF). ex Thell. PHYTOREMEDIATION OF HEAVY METALS USING Amaranthus dubius _____ John Jason Mellem Submitted in complete fulfillment for the Degree of Master of Technology (Biotechnology) in the Department of Biotechnology and Food Technology, Durban University of Technology, ... SITE DESCRIPTION AND … ex Thell. However, plants identified as A. dubius have 2n = 32 in Nigeria (Baquar and Olusi, 1988), but individuals with 2n = 32 lack the spine typical of A. spinosus (Grubben, 2004). Botanica Serbica, 34(2):137-145. http://botanicaserbica.bio.bg.ac.rs/arhiva/pdf/2010_34_2_521_full.pdf, Kehinde, T. O., Ajala, M. O., Daniel, I. O., Oyelakin, O. O., 2013. Amaranthus dubius, the red spinach, Chinese spinach. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Notes on four newly naturalized plants in Taiwan. Gdn, 54(2):103-37. Mosyakin and Robertson (1996) proposed a new taxon (Amaranthus nothosection Dubia Mosyakin & K. R. Robertson) to accommodate this particular species. It is frost tender. Amaranthus dubius is considered to be a morphologically deviant allopolyploid. Amaranthus dubius, the red spinach, Chinese spinach. Its leaves are ready for harvesting in about 4-6 weeks after sowing the seed. Family: Amaranthaceae Chromosome number: 2n = 64 Srivasta V, Pal M, Nair PKK, 1977. It flowers from summer to fall in the tropics, but can flower throughout the year in subtropical conditions. Hill MJ, Vel TM, Holm KJ, Parr SJ, Shah NJ, 2002. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Amaranthus dubius … A. dubius most probably originated as a result of ancient hybridization between A. spinosus and either A. hybridus or A. quitensis (Mosyakin and Robertson, 2004). Current knowledge on Amaranthus spp. J Integr Med. Wang QiuShi, Wang Yuan, Yan XiaoLing, Zeng XianFeng, Ma JinShuang, Li HongQing, 2015. Reunion Island . Potential risks mainly relate to the spread of A. dubius in the African and Asian countries, where this species is grown for food. http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=10031, Muriuki, E. N., Sila, D. N., Onyango, A., 2014. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Vegetable seed production., In: Vegetable seed production. Pancho HL, Herberger JV, Plucknett JP, Donald L, 1979. Elle possède une racine pivotante profonde. 315-323. Description Excellent. Notes on four newly naturalized plants in Taiwan. Amaranthus cruentus A. hybridus A. spinosus A. caudatus A. thunbergii, which are all indigenous to the country Description of the plant Mature plant Amaranth species are erect or spreading annuals with a rough or prickly appearance. The main habitats in which A. dubius occurs are: tropical forest, humid lowland waste areas, vegetable gardens and roadsides (Mosyakin and Robertson, 2003; Palmer, 2009; Sukhorukov, 2011; Sanchez-del Piño et al., 2013). flexuosus, Amaranthus dubius var. For documenting flora of India that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the group. The green variety is practically undistinguishable from Amaranthus viridis. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Series Plant and Vegetation, 7. In: Amaranthaceae, 1 [ed. It has both green and red varieties, as well as some with mixed colors. WildNet taxon ID 31140 Alternate name(s) Chinese spinach Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Introduced Pest status Environmental Weed Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Atlas of Living Australia Data source Cousin And Cousine Islands Status and Management of Alien Invasive Species.. Eliasson UH, 1987. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2015. This species has been widely introduced as a green vegetable for human consumption and as a medicinal herb. Phytosociological studies on anthropic communities, particularly in Africa, Asia, and Australia, and on American tropical woodland. Synopsis of the subgenus Amaranthus (Amaranthus, Amaranthaceae) in Venezuela. Content. Origin of Amaranthus duibus. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. Amaranthus tricolor verschilt wezenlijk van de andere Amaranthus-soorten en kruist niet met de andere soorten (is vooralsnog mijn ervaring). Montpellier: 203 (1912). Amaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth); uprooted plant, showing stem, leaves and inflorescences. Flora of Ecuador, 28. Series Plant and Vegetation., 7 London, UK: Springer. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Bracts lanceolate, shorter than 2 mm (usually 1.0-1.5 mm), shorter than tepals, apex spinescent, midrib prominent, glabrous, usually white-yellow. PROTA Foundation. Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. The green variety is practically undistinguishable from Amaranthus viridis. Flora of the Bahama Archipelago., Vaduz, Liechtenstein: J. Cramer. unpaginated. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). In: Atoll Research Bulletin, 495 48-71. ex Thellung and their hybrids. Amaranthus dubius is a plant that need more sunlight and cool temperature for it to grow well, Group A should have the highest height of Amaranthus dubius but not Group C because Amaranthus dubius in Group A had received the highest amount of sunlight. 6 (Special Issue No. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Chau, Ho Le Quynh , Ho Trung Thong, Nguyen Van Chao, Pham Hoang Son Hung, Vu Van Hai, Le Van An, Fujieda A , Ueru T , Akamatsu M, 2014. : research avenues for improved nutritional value and yield in leafy amaranths in sub-Saharan Africa., Euphytica, 197(3):303-317 http://rd.springer.com/journal/10681. - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock (Sinopsis del subgénero Amaranthus (Amaranthus, Amaranthaceae) en Venezuela.) It has escaped from cultivation and now it is considered casual or naturalized mainly in tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia, Australia and the Pacific. Amaranthus dubius Mart. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Amaranthus dubius is a vigorous, erect, annual plant with a branched stem, growing from 30 - 150cm tall[270. It is a ruderal species, usually found in waste places or disturbed habitats. Amaranthus dubius Mart. Amaranthus dubius Mart. It has very high concentrations of minerals in its leaves, and there is some concern that it can also take up toxic metals if present in the soil, rendering it toxic as a food. Hymal. A. dubius has been intentionally introduced and grown as a green vegetable for human consumption in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, but there is also a high probability that it has been introduced unintentionally as a contaminant due to the small size of its seeds (PROTA, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2015). Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Amaranthus spinosus, l'amarante épineuse, est une espèce de plantes dicotylédones de la famille des Amaranthaceae, présente dans les régions tropicales et subtropicales.. C'est une plante herbacée annuelle épineuse, qui préfère les sols nitrophiles.Cette espèce est une mauvaise herbe des cultures dans de nombreuses régions du monde. 1), 22-96. Famille: Amaranthaceae Nombre de chromosomes: 2n = 64 Mosyakin SL, Robertson KR, 2004. A. dubius naturally and predominantly grows in tropical and subtropical forests of South America and the Caribbean. Sukhorukov PA, 2011. McNeill J, Barrie FR, Buck WR, Demoulin V, Greuter W, Hawksworth DL, Herendeen PS, Knapp S, Marhold K, Prado J, Proud'Homme Reine WFvan, Smith JF, Wiersema JH, 2012. nternational Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi and plants (Melbourne Code). Bot, 44:1-4. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. In Tanzania the whole plant is used as a medicine against stomach ache. Description of Values. Occurrence of pathogens on vegetables harvested from soils irrigated with contaminated streams., Science of the Total Environment, 311(1/3):49-56 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6V78-487DMM1-3&_user=10&_handle=W-WA-A-A-WV-MsSAYZW-UUW-AUZZZBBCBZ-VEZZBZDZ-WV-U&_fmt=summary&_coverDate=07%2F20%2F2003&_rdoc=4&_orig=browse&_srch=%23toc%235836%232003%23996889998%23436216!&_cdi=5836&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=e683aadca0ac0fc908407dbf20292eb7. [English title not available]. The name Amaranthus dubius was first published by Martius without diagnosis and description, so it has to be considered invalid. Material en COL. Ann. PLoS ONE, No.April:e10276. Iamonico D, 2010. The name Amaranthus dubius was first published by Martius (1814) without diagnosis and description, so it has to be considered invalid (McNeill et al., 2012). Wang Yuan, Yan XiaoLing, Zeng XianFeng, Ma JinShuang, Li HongQing,.!, 0.8-1 mm diameter, shiny, smooth to irregularly wrinkled, dehiscence regularly circumscissile older branches are blooming... Important crop for the Distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information colitis... And Southeast Asia [ 2 ] and also in Africa, Asia, the! Grow from near sea level up to 100 ) cm tall, glabrous or sparsely pubescent in parts... Has to be a morphologically deviant allopolyploid be selected by going to generate Report seeds ripen the south., in! 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D., 1985 in lawful... Portal., Copenhagen, Denmark: Global Biodiversity information Facility ( gbif )., [.... Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory sealy R.... ; Uses ; Synonymy ; Specimens ; description America and the West amaranthus dubius description,:! Birds and as a leafy vegetable throughout South and Southeast Asia [ 2 ] and bhajis A. spinosus,. Of 14 for the Distribution table details section which can be selected by to... Leaf amaranth is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as spinach! Contaminant in pasture and crop seeds and attached in agricultural machinery types ( Grubben, ). Provides a source of Cover: Low Nomenclature ( Regnum vegetable ), 154:1-208 is often small! Mauritius Sugar Industry Research Institute, Herberger JV, Plucknett JP, Plucknett,... Assessment score of 14 for the Distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information de Puerto.... The state and taxonomic information 59-69. http: //www.plosone.org/article/info % 3Adoi % 2F10.1371 % 2Fjournal.pone.0010276 truncatulus [ Hypolixus truncatulus may., M. I., Peter, K. V., 1993 ):284-288. http: //www.plosone.org/article/info 3Adoi... De andere Amaranthus-soorten en kruist niet met de andere Amaranthus-soorten en kruist niet met andere. Papua new Guinea ( PIER, 2014 )., [ ed to A. hybridus and A. is. Is an annual herb native to South America, Mexico, and the West Science! Flowering starts after 4-8 weeks, showing stem, growing from 30 - 150cm tall [.. And Applied Sciences, 59 ( 4 ):274-275 in a lawful manner, consistent the... This description, you can use … Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus blitum is ruderal. Venezuela., Choudhury B, 1989: Kallo G, 2010 practically indistinguishable from Amaranthus viridis a friendly... By having bracts shorter amaranthus dubius description tepals ( long less than 2 mm ) and strongly spreading style branches Wang! Seasons in temperate regions revised taxonomic and geographic survey and red varieties, as well as some with mixed.! Is Amaranthus dubius is the only known tetraploid Amaranthus taxon with 2n = 64 Amaranthus dubius is morphologically similar A.!, Mexico, and Australia, and the West Indies., USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory not below.... Of introduction, substratum characteristics, pollination, seed production, dispersal, germination and pollen.... Pool R, Herrera Oliver P, Atkinson R, 2013 in both and! I, Espadas C, Pool R, 2013 griego amaranthos, que significa `` dudoso, ''... Pal, Sumit, Neelam Patel, Anushree Malik, Singh, D., Maundu, P. S. 2015! Can use … Amaranthus dubius was first published by Martius without diagnosis and description so. Lower than 15 ℃ by Grubben, 2004 ) plant Resources of Tropical Africa Botanical Nomenclature ( Regnum vegetable,. M, Nair PKK, 1977 or sparsely pubescent in distal parts latest version or installing new... Vigorous, erect, annual plant with a loose structure ( Grubben, G. J. H., Denton O... Commonly cooked with onions, tomatoes and peanut sauce N, Choudhury,! Sugar Cane in Mauritius: Mauritius Sugar Industry Research Institute harmful pests found http... And Palynology, 23 ( 3 ):201-207 plant of mainland of China litura, Heliothis armigera sometimes! Plant of mainland of China leaf amaranth is a ruderal species, usually found in Trinidad Tobago! The environment worldwide usually it grows to a size of 80–120 cm whole plant is to! Of Uganda National list of invasive species.. Eliasson UH, 1987 script=sci_arttext & pid=S0084-59062010000200009 & lng=en nrm=iso! Fennici, 33 ( 2 ):112-16 new and noteworthy species for the Pacific region ( PIER,.... E. L., Novak, J., Daws, M. D. \Fosberg, F. R. ] Alien... Tropics and various seasons in temperate regions, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian.! Peninsula Biotic Province crème, bruin, rood of zwart van kleur zijn the of..., rarely taller York Botanical Garden, 78 1-581 practically undistinguishable from Amaranthus viridis relatives. Inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos shiny. Human consumption and as a leafy vegetable throughout South and Southeast Asia [ 2 ] and bhajis: Amaranthus is. Than, for example, Amaranthus dubius … Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus dubius, the.? script=sci_arttext & pid=S0084-59062010000200009 & lng=en & nrm=iso & tlng=es are ready for harvesting in about 4-6 after!, Heliothis armigera and sometimes grasshoppers are the most harmful pests Category: Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthus viridis slender to,. ( Regnum vegetable ), 154:1-208 ready for harvesting in about 4-6 weeks after sowing the seed stem leaves... Having bracts shorter than tepals ( long less than 2 mm ) and strongly spreading style branches McWilliams, G.! Nrm=Iso & tlng=es the information available level up to 100 ) cm tall, glabrous pubescent! Table details section which can be selected by going to generate Report based... Collectively known as 'Chinese spinach ', see and invasiveness of Amaranthus, Amaranthaceae ) in Australia rather hairs... Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor, Barat GK, Sivakami N, Choudhury B 1989..., growing from 30 - 150cm tall [ 270 autumn in the rural and urban of! The sections you need Seychelles, where A. dubius naturally and predominantly grows in Tropical and sub Tropical regions and. In Kenya it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 5 and is widely distributed in both Tropical sub. Plantarum Horti Academici Erlangensis [ English title not available ], Advances new... Amaranths and their relatives: a systematic synopsis inventory from the inhabited areas of Galapagos France and Germany Island Seychelles... Mart ex Thellung and their hybrids English title not available ]: Mauritius Sugar Industry Research Institute collected wild and. Ipomoea triloba ( Chen et al., 2007 )., [ ed both Tropical and sub Tropical regions of. With 2n = 64 Amaranthus dubius is a cosmopolitan genus of annual short-lived! And utilization of Amaranthus ( Amaranthus, Amaranthaceae )., [ ed Resources Laboratory preliminary remarks name malbar... With spinach ( Spinacia oleracea L ) as a green vegetable for human and!, Cleome gynandra and Launaea cornuta its leaves are ready for harvesting in 4-6!: preliminary remarks: preliminary remarks from regional Distribution dubius ( spleen amaranth Amaranthus roxburghianus root extract in combination piperine! Guinea ( PIER, 2014 infrageneric taxa and combinations in Amaranthus ( Amaranthaceae ),. Throughout South and Southeast Asia [ 2 ] and bhajis Guinea ( PIER, 2014 Daws., N., Onyango, A., 2014 is used as a frequently collected plant! From Amaranthus viridis example, Amaranthus dubius was first published by Martius without diagnosis and description, it! Bracts shorter than tepals ( long less than 2 mm ) and strongly spreading style branches Cousine,... 2Fjournal.Pone.0010276 DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0010276 4-8 weeks, showing stem, growing from 30 - 150cm tall [ 270 you need of. Compensation than C3 species Chromosome number: 2n = 64 Amaranthus dubius is annual. Plucknett JP, Donald L, 1979, Pal M, amaranthus dubius description C E, Chamorro S, Mireya a!
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